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|Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (R) talks with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas during the extraordinary summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in Istanbul , Turkey, on Dec. 13, 2017. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Wednesday urged the Islamic world to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine, while Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas refused any U.S. involvement in the peace process. (XinhuaAnadolu Agency)
ISTANBUL, Dec. 13 (Xinhua) -- Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Wednesday urged the Islamic world to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine , while Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas refused any U.S. involvement in the peace process.
Addressing an extraordinary summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in Istanbul, Erdogan called on countries to recognize "Jerusalem as the capital city of the occupied Palestine," while Abbas urged the world to recognize the state of Palestine.
The Turkish leader described U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the Israeli capital as a threat to all humanity, calling on Washington to withdraw the "wrong, provocative and unlawful" decision.
"The U.S. decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital , above all, means punishing Palestinians who have proven numerous times that they side with peace instead of violence," said Erdogan.
"The U.S. has lost its mediator role in the Israel-Palestine peace process, and we will never allow in the future that the U.S. takes part in the process," Abbas said.
Speaking at a meeting with his OIC counterparts prior to the summit , Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu urged the member states to encourage other countries worldwide to recognize East Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital on the basis of the 1967 borders.
"Palestine needs to be recognized by other countries," he said.
The OIC is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations with a membership of 57 states spread over four continents. As Turkey holds the rotating chair of the group, Erdogan called for an extraordinary summit with a view to drawing up a roadmap for Muslim nations to follow as they oppose the U.S. decision on Jerusalem.
A joint declaration is to be issued at the conclusion of the one-day summit.
The status of Jerusalem is at the core of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, as Palestinians are hoping for an independent state with East Jerusalem at the capital.
Photo taken on Dec. 16, 2017 shows the scenery of Zhuoshui Ancient Town in Qianjiang District of southwest China's Chongqing Municipality. As one of the most well-known ancient towns in Chongqing , Zhuoshui Town retains the typical pattern of ancient towns. (XinhuaWang Quanchao)
Tourists walk on a covered bridge in Zhuoshui Town in Qianjiang District of southwest China's Chongqing Municipality, Dec. 16, 2017. Photo taken on Dec. 16, 2017 shows the scenery of Zhuoshui Ancient Town in Qianjiang District of southwest China's Chongqing Municipality. Tourists walk on a covered bridge in Zhuoshui Town in Qianjiang District of southwest China's Chongqing Municipality, Dec. 16 , 2017. When tooth enamel is cracked, pain can become momentarily debilitating. When no pressure is exerted on the crack there may be no discomfort. However, as the cracked tooth performs a biting action, the crack widens. The pulp and inner workings of the tooth then become exposed, and painful irritation occurs. As pressure is released again , the two parts of the crack fuse back together, and pain subsides. If left untreated, the pulp becomes irreversibly damaged and constantly painful. The resulting pulp infection can affect the bone and soft tissue surrounding the tooth.
Symptoms of a cracked tooth may include:
Unexplained pain when eating.
Sensitivity to warm and cold foods.
Pain with no obvious cause.
Difficulty pinpointing the location of the pain.
What kind of cracks can affect the teeth?
There are many ways in which a tooth can be cracked. The specific type of crack will determine what type of treatment is viable. In many cases, if the crack is not too deep, root canal therapy can be performed and the natural tooth can remain in the mouth. In other situations , the tooth is too badly damaged and requires extraction.
Here is a brief overview of some of the most common types of cracks:
Crazes 鈥?These are generally tiny vertical cracks that do not place the teeth in danger. These scratches on the surface of the teeth are considered by most dentists to be a normal part of the tooth anatomy. A craze rarely requires treatment for health reasons, but a wide variety of cosmetic treatments can be performed to reduce the negative aesthetic impact.
Oblique supragingival cracks 鈥?These cracks only affect the crown of the tooth and do not extend below the gum line. Usually, the affected part of the tooth will eventually break off. Little pain will result, because the tooth pulp (that contains the nerves and vessels) will remain unaffected.
Oblique subgingival cracks 鈥?These cracks extend beyond the gum line, and often beyond where the jawbone begins. When a piece breaks off , it will usually remain attached until the dentist removes it. Oblique subgingival cracks are painful and may require a combination of periodontal surgery (to expose the crown), and endodontic treatment to place a crown or other restorative device.
Vertical furcation cracks 鈥?These cracks occur when the roots of the tooth separate. This type of crack almost always affects the nerve of the tooth. Because the tooth will not generally separate completely, root canal therapy and a crown can usually save the tooth.
Oblique root cracks 鈥?These cracks tend not to affect the surfac.